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"Nina" do not be afraid to throw a penalty: It's science!

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Just a lottery? Nothing could be more wrong: this is shown by detailed studies.

For those who believe in destiny, in fate, or more simply in chance, the following has no reason to exist. Yet mathematics is not an opinion and certain numbers often say more than you want to believe. Among the eternally most debated topics in the world of football are the rigors: their nature, their outcome, the justice and veracity of a result decided according to many by fate, nothing more. Then there is the party of those who firmly believe in the 11 meters as the maximum summary of the sport, which puts you to the test on a mental level, even before technical: with yourself, even before that with your opponent. In the middle, there is science and some statistical data that would seem to leave means that the penalties are anything but a mere lottery.

All fault or all merit, depends on the point of view, Professor Igacia-Palacios Huerta of the London School of Economics who took the trouble to analyze well 1.343 of penalty kicks kicked in 129 games ended in a tie. A data large enough to draw more or less reliable samples, which can go beyond randomness. Among the most sensational data published exclusively by it emerges that according to which over 60% of the victories of a team depend on having started first the lottery of penalties, obviously realizing it. The nervous factor during the execution of the 11 meters is obviously fundamental: the 76% of the penalties at the end of the game are made, against 85% in the 120 regulatory minutes.

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We pass from "purely psychological" statistical advice to other more technical and apparently obvious ones: do not turn your back on the door, avoid glances with the goalkeeper or wait a moment after the referee's whistle before the execution. The latter data is noteworthy: the 57% of those who start the run-up a tenth after the whistle marks, compared to the 80% of those who take a tenth more. Beyond the 80% of the penalties kicked in one of the two high corners of the goal achieved results, while the goalkeeper remaining central is twice as likely to save a penalty. There is also a statistic data of Professor Huerta according to which red clothes are more likely to neutralize a penalty, as it is "mandatory" to exult after scoring, as the 82% of those who do generate positive feedback on the companions that will go after kicking from the spot.

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All this, how is it possible to relate it to women's football, increasingly on the rise in recent years? How much would these percentages change? When the mental aspect is strongly challenged, it is possible that certain numbers linked purely to the psychological approach in the execution of a penalty are more variable. Even in this case, however, everything depends on the emotional nature of the athlete, how much is able to maintain the right coldness for a correct technical execution. In general, the nerovo aspect in women is more fluctuating and less stable than men, thus leading to a lower percentage of achievement from the 11 meters.

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Journalistic newspaper registered with the Court of Florence, n. 6032 of the 15 Settembre 2016, with director Giancarlo Padovan.


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