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Positive and negative transitions

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genta robertoIn football we all know the 2 main phases that make up a match: possession and non-possession of the ball, but very often we neglect a "moment" that is decisive for the purpose of a result.
The transition is the time that elapses between the possession phase and that of non possession of the ball (and vice versa), a situation often neglected and even more often not trained. The greatest difficulty encountered in managing this third "phase" of play lies in teaching the group an elastic attitude, that is, the ability to move from a positive situation (possession) to a negative situation (non-possession).

Each player during the game must assess the possibility of a transition (positive or negative) and even before the stress occurs, analyze the possible moves or countermoves.
1Fig.1
Let's now analyze a transition fig 1. The blue formation is in the possession phase and the left side tries to move to the left midfielder. apart from the fact that the transition takes place correctly, the blue formation must foresee the possibility that the yellow intercepts the passage and is thus triggered an offensive offensive action. Therefore, we will talk about the negative transition blue and the positive transition yellow.
At the same time, the yellow player, placed at the center of the field, must follow the evolution of the game and in case of regained possession he must immediately change his attitude (from defensive to offensive).
These steps, (possession not possession) must take place extremely quickly and the reorganization of the departments must be choral. In the case of possession, the formation will undertake an attack tactic, aimed at reaching the depth and breadth, with rather free patterns or with studied movements, but not care of the opponent. In case of a negative transition, the training must, in the shortest time possible, implement the zone markings, then comply with the principle of "sub-line ball" (bring as many players as possible under the opposing ball carrier) and implement the typical guidelines of the zone markings (diagonals, triangles, etc.).
Now let's look at the schematized 3 situations (to make the diagrams more legible I used only a yellow player)
2In the first figure we see a ball possession with high, wide formation and depth search. (typical attack action)



3In the following figure, we are witnessing a negative transition for blue formation, which can be found in clear difficulty.
Below the ball line we find 1 max 2 blue players

4In this figure we see how the rapidity of blue formation following a negative transition made the attacking action of the yellow formation much more difficult.
Below the ball line we find 7 blue players
A training that manages to promptly manage these steps (possession not possession) will be extremely dangerous in the offensive phase after a positive transition and very covered in the defensive phase following a negative transition.

The statistical studies carried out in the field show that many goals are born after a ball recovered in the offensive field half followed by a quick action involving few players (counter-attack). Modern football is faster and the re-starts following the reconquest of the ball are increasingly crucial for the final result. The main purpose is to catch the opponent by surprise and to avoid that the same can implement an effective defensive maneuver.
The zone marking is easily attackable during the transition phase, and this is why you must train, in addition to the tactical movement, also the speed of collective positioning.

Roberto Genta

genta
Author: gentaWebsite: www.tecnoprogress.itEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
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Journalist registered with the Court of Florence, n. 6032 of 15 September 2016, with director Giancarlo Padovan owned by Pettinati Editore.

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