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Overtraining, Stress, Nutrition

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overtraining stress ali17
Physical activity, training, even if you are not a professional, is good for your health, everyone knows that.
But if a little training is good, then a lot of training will surely make it better?
It is not said, indeed. To understand the meaning of this we must briefly understand what it is Stress, a word that is as fashionable as it is abused today. In short, the Stressor better General Adaptation Syndrome, is the response that the body puts into action when it is subject to the prolonged effects of various types of Stressor (ie, stimuli), such as physical (eg fatigue), mental (eg occupational), social or environmental (eg, obligations or demands from the social environment).

It is quite evident that sporting activity, especially if at a professional and competitive level, is subject to all these types of Stressor.

An increase in commitment, therefore, up to a certain point leads to an improvement in performance and results, but beyond a certain point is transformed into Stress producing the opposite, that is, a worsening of the results and paving the way for the disease. We have entered theOvertraining, that is in the Overtraining.

But this certain point it is different in every person and this should always be present not only for athletes but also for coaches.

The figure illustrates better than every word what happens. This is the so-called law of Yerkes-Dodson, from the name of the two scholars who formulated it, which shows us how, with the growth of commitment, increases the performance. However, a point is reached beyond which the efficiency decreases and the effects of Stress begin.

These effects, in addition to reducing performance, are many and rather dangerous if not

dramatic if it does not reduce the level of the Stressor, that is, stimuli (training, worries, competitiveness, etc.). We are also interested in food, given that the increase in the level of Stress leads to an increase in the production of a hormone, the Cortisol (called the Stress hormone).

The fact is that theCortisol - in excess - in addition to drastically lower our immune defenses exposing us to diseases, increases at the same time resistance to Insulin. This means that the body's cells do not "respond" to Insulin, and their ability to let the Glucose it is reduced. To compensate for this defect, the pancreas produces a greater amount of Insulin, in an attempt to "to convince"The cells to let the Glucose. We are entering a dangerous vicious circle that can also be a first step towards the diabetes, going in the opposite direction to the one to which it directs us the Zone Diet.

To learn more Overtraining and Stress Disorders see also:

What is Stress really. First part

What is Stress really. Second part

Signed Gabriele Buracchi. Nutritionist Biologist

Dr. Gabriele Buracchi
Author: Dr. Gabriele BuracchiWebsite: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Biologist Nutritionist Psychologist
Gabriele Buracchi, he graduated in Biological Sciences and later in Psychology at the University of Florence, with a university degree at the University of Parma, working for many years at various clinics in Tuscany as Nutritionist and Psychologist. He was Adjunct Professor at the University of Pisa and is the author of numerous scientific and popular publications. See complete Curriculum:



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